Criptomonedas y blockchain en el turismo como estrategia para reducir la pobreza

Contenido principal del artículo

Israel Barrutia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5728-0651
José Antonio Urquizo Maggia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6999-4643
Samuel Isaias Acevedo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1505-6117

Resumen

La pobreza en América Latina y el Caribe sigue siendo un problema sin aparente solución. Se propone en este artículo el uso de las criptomonedas y la tecnología de blockchain como una herramienta para reducir la pobreza en la región mediante actividades económicas provenientes del turismo. Para ello se efectuó un análisis detallado de las potencialidades que recogen en conjunto el turismo, las criptomonedas y la tecnología blockchain.   Dada las capacidades turísticas de las regiones latinoamericana y caribeña se debe concretar un conjunto de esfuerzos por parte de los gobiernos y empresas privadas en implementar el desarrollo turístico en regiones y localidades con gran biodiversidad y recursos naturales y culturales aún sin explorar. La relativa facilidad de acceso a cuentas bitcoin mediante teléfonos inteligentes hace que las transacciones financieras mediante criptomonedas se encuentran al alcance pequeños comerciantes que, normalmente, no tienen acceso a cuentas bancarias tradicionales. Por otro lado debe fortalecerse aún más el acceso a internet vía telefonía móvil para facilitar los sistemas de pago y para que las tecnologías basadas en blockchain puedan desarrollarse a su máxima capacidad. Se concluye que para lograr una significativa reducción de la pobreza es necesario la confluencia de una adecuada regulación de las criptomonedas por parte de los Gobiernos así como también el desarrollo una infraestructura adecuada que permita la creación y/o recuperación de microempresas potenciadas por la “Oferta Inicial de Monedas”.  

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