El impacto de redes de colaboración en la innovación tecnológica en empresas

Contenido principal del artículo

Javier Del Carpio-Gallegos https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6050-5754
Francesc Miralles https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5251-5423

Resumen

Las empresas manufactureras latinoamericanas deben desarrollar innovaciones para ser competitivas. Por ello, esta investigación tiene dos objetivos: primero, analizar cómo se relacionan las conexiones con clientes, proveedores, competidores e institutos de investigación con la capacidad de absorción, y, segundo, demostrar la relación existente entre la capacidad de absorción y la innovación tecnológica. Se desarrolló un modelo teórico para mostrar la relación entre las variables, a las cuales se les aplicó el método de ecuaciones estructurales, utilizando el software AMOS, a una muestra de 1098 empresas manufactureras peruanas que participaron en la segunda encuesta nacional de innovación realizada en 2015. Este estudio contribuye a la literatura sobre cómo las empresas se relacionan con las redes de colaboración para mejorar la capacidad de innovación, de esta manera obtienen conocimiento aplicando el enfoque de innovación abierta entrante, este conocimiento procesado a través de la capacidad de absorción de la empresa mejorará su capacidad de innovación. Las empresas manufactureras de intensidad tecnológica baja o media-baja realizan inversiones en maquinaria, hardware y software y tienen más capacidad para realizar innovaciones de productos y procesos. Las innovaciones en producto permiten a las empresas mantener o incrementar su posición en el mercado o tener clientes más satisfechos, al tiempo que realizan innovaciones en los procesos para reducir sus costos operativos o ser más eficientes.

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